Who punishes, investigation made in due degree,
So as to stay advance of crime, a king is he
He is a king who having equitably examined (any injustice which has been brought to his notice), suitably punishes it, so that it may not be again committed.
Thakkaangu Naatith Thalaichchellaa Vannaththaal
Oththaangu Oruppadhu Vendhu.
For length of days with still increasing joys on Heav'n who call,
Should raise the rod with brow severe, but let it gently fall
Let the king, who desires that his prosperity may long remain, commence his preliminary enquires with strictness, and then punish with mildness.
Katidhochchi Mella Erika Netidhaakkam
Neengaamai Ventu Pavar.
Where subjects dread of cruel wrongs endure,
Ruin to unjust king is swift and sure
The cruel-sceptred king, who acts so as to put his subjects in fear, will certainly and quickly come to ruin.
Veruvandha Seydhozhukum Vengola Naayin
Oruvandham Ollaik Ketum.
'Ah! cruel is our king', where subjects sadly say,
His age shall dwindle, swift his joy of life decay
The king who is spoken of as cruel will quickly perish; his life becoming shortened.
Iraikatiyan Endruraikkum Innaachchol Vendhan
Uraikatuki Ollaik Ketum.
Whom subjects scarce may see, of harsh forbidding countenance;
His ample wealth shall waste, blasted by demon's glance
The great wealth of him who is difficult of access and possesses a sternness of countenance, is like that which has been obtained by a devil.
Arunjevvi Innaa Mukaththaan Perunjelvam
Peeykan Tannadhu Utaiththu.
The tyrant, harsh in speach and hard of eye,
His ample joy, swift fading, soon shall die
The abundant wealth of the king whose words are harsh and whose looks are void of kindness, will instantly perish instead of abiding long, with him.
Katunjollan Kannilan Aayin Netunjelvam
Neetindri Aange Ketum.
Harsh words and punishments severe beyond the right,
Are file that wears away the monarch's conquering might
Severe words and excessive punishments will be a file to waste away a king's power for destroying (his enemies).
Katumozhiyum Kaiyikandha Thantamum Vendhan
Atumuran Theykkum Aram.
Who leaves the work to those around, and thinks of it no more;
If he in wrathful mood reprove, his prosperous days are o'er
The prosperity of that king will waste away, who without reflecting (on his affairs himself), commits them to his ministers, and (when a failure occurs) gives way to anger, and rages against them.
Inaththaatri Ennaadha Vendhan Sinaththaatrich
Cheerir Sirukum Thiru.
Who builds no fort whence he may foe defy,
In time of war shall fear and swiftly die
The king who has not provided himself with a place of defence, will in times of war be seized with fear and quickly perish.
Seruvandha Pozhdhir Siraiseyyaa Vendhan
Veruvandhu Veydhu Ketum.
Tyrants with fools their counsels share:
Earth can no heavier burthen bear
The earth bears up no greater burden than ignorant men whom a cruel sceptre attaches to itself (as the ministers of its evil deeds).
Kallaarp Pinikkum Katungol Adhuvalladhu
Illai Nilakkup Porai.