Who arrogance, and wrath, and littleness of low desire restrain,
To sure increase of lofty dignity attain
54 Truly great is the excellence of those (kings) who are free from pride, anger, and lust.
Serukkunj Chinamum Sirumaiyum Illaar
Perukkam Perumidha Neerththu.
A niggard hand, o'erweening self-regard, and mirth
Unseemly, bring disgrace to men of kingly brith
Avarice, undignified pride, and low pleasures are faults in a king.
Ivaralum Maanpirandha Maanamum Maanaa
Uvakaiyum Edham Iraikku.
Though small as millet-seed the fault men deem;
As palm tree vast to those who fear disgrace 'twill seem
Those who fear guilt, if they commit a fault small as a millet seed, will consider it to be as large as a palmyra tree.
Thinaiththunaiyaang Kutram Varinum Panaiththunaiyaak
Kolvar Pazhinaanu Vaar.
Freedom from faults is wealth; watch heedfully
'Gainst these, for fault is fatal enmity
Guard against faults as a matter (of great consequence; for) faults are a deadly enemy.
Kutrame Kaakka Porulaakak Kutrame
Atran Tharooum Pakai.
His joy who guards not 'gainst the coming evil day,
Like straw before the fire shall swift consume away
The prosperity of him who does not timely guard against faults, will perish like straw before fire.
Varumunnark Kaavaadhaan Vaazhkkai Erimunnar
Vaiththooru Polak Ketum.
Faultless the king who first his own faults cures, and then
Permits himself to scan faults of other men
What fault will remain in the king who has put away his own evils, and looks after the evils of others.
Thankutram Neekkip Pirarkutrang Kaankirpin
Enkutra Maakum Iraikku?.
Who leaves undone what should be done, with niggard mind,
His wealth shall perish, leaving not a wrack behind
The wealth of the avaricious man, who does not expend it for the purposes for which he ought to expend it will waste away and not continue.
Seyarpaala Seyyaa Thivariyaan Selvam
Uyarpaala Thandrik Ketum.
The greed of soul that avarice men call,
When faults are summed, is worst of all
Griping avarice is not to be reckoned as one among other faults; (it stands alone - greater than all).
Patrullam Ennum Ivaranmai Etrullum
Ennap Patuvadhon Randru.
Never indulge in self-complaisant mood,
Nor deed desire that yields no gain of good
Let no (one) praise himself, at any time; let him not desire to do useless things.
Viyavarka Egngnaandrum Thannai Nayavarka
Nandri Payavaa Vinai.
If, to your foes unknown, you cherish what you love,
Counsels of men who wish you harm will harmless prove
If (a king) enjoys, privately the things which he desires, the designs of his enemies will be useless.
Kaadhala Kaadhal Ariyaamai Uykkirpin
Edhila Edhilaar Nool.